Introduction to the Ministry
The Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs (the “Ministry”) is the central agency of the Government of Nepal for drafting laws and making legal reforms in line with the spirit of the Rule of Law.
There was no institutional mechanism in the government for drafting laws and treaties before the Ministry came into existence. Previously, in 1950, legislation would be enacted with the use of royal seal or Khadganishana (Sword Mark) only in consultation with the learned people, merchants, sages, landlords and socially reputed persons. Thereafter, a practice was introduced to enact legislation by the King through the royal seal in consultation with the Council of Ministers.
The Department of Law carried out the act of drafting legislation from 1950 to 1955. In 1956, the “Department of Law”‘ was named as “Ministry of Law”. Thereafter, the Ministry was given different names in different periods. Now, it has recently been named as “Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs” under the Government of Nepal (Allocation of Business) Rules, 2018.
To deliver the Rule of Law to the people through effective implementation of law.
To strengthen effectiveness of Legal Aid.
To promote and protect the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution and universally adopted human rights
To formulate laws necessary forlegal structure in spirit of the will and aspirations of the Nepali people, for judicial management and for the governance and development of the country.
To render opinions on, and to formulate and examine draft of, Bills, Ordinance, Rules and Formation Order, to render necessary opinions as required by the Government of Nepal on national and international legal disputes, to perform acts relating to unification and codification of laws, research, review, reform of Nepal law, international law, judicial system and administration of justice.